I know some of you have finished your school year, but we are still plugging along here. With all those end of the year meetings its hard to plan for the actual therapy sessions. I’ve been grabbing into some old but goodies.
In a previous post I talked about using beanie babies in a mystery box to elicit questions, identify attributes, and categorize. I’m doing something similar to this using match box cars and vehicles. It helps to put the vehicles out first and identify parts, use, and descriptions. I have a student put one of them in a mystery box and the others ask questions until it can be identified. You can also have a student make a riddle describing 3 attributes and then have the students guess. I use a vehicle communication board to help students to formulate their questions and descriptions. This board is now in the vocabulary section. The boys always like to see the cars, so this activity keeps their attention.
I’ve also used the map I made for the concept group labeled Cars and Map. I added two taped papers to make walls on either set of the track and added a paper cone to make a mountain to go under. I have the students drive the cars on the track telling me where they are in the process. On the way they identify across the tracks, under the mountain, over the bridge, through the tunnel and between the walls. Some of my lowest students love this activity and can identify those prepositions. Who would believe that poster board with recycled junk taped on top could be so motivating.
This week I explored ways to use a flip camera. This isn’t an expensive model. It’s a Vivitar 410 which you can get for about $25. The ability to plug it into my computer and have immediate viewing has made it valuable for feedback. I’m still learning how to use all the functions, but for the most part it has been record and play. I’ve been able to download files to both my home PC and the Mac I use at school. It also records sound. I have a program on my home computer that I’m able to segment, cut out portions, and add captions if I want. I’ve done that with the ‘Circle” video clips. The therapy clips I have played directly on my computer after taping them. They come up as a full screen, so the students get the impression they are on TV. It’s amazing what this does for motivation.
I started using it with the “Circle of Friends ” in the previous post to give my student with autism a preview of coming events. It has allowed him to join the group with less anxiety and has helped to give him visual instructions on the activity. Anyone that has worked with students with Autism know the visual representation is very important for instruction. It has also been a key motivator for the general education students in the group. It gives them a chance to do some rehearsal and feel that it is a special group.
I also tried using it with a student working with fluency. He came to that point where he needs to practice his speech in a less structured activity. I video taped him giving instructions on folding an origami animal. We then played it on the computer and judged his fluency. He enjoyed watching himself and I think it gave more feedback and confidence than the usual tape recording.
Finally I tried using it with two students with attention deficits that have difficulty keeping focused on any one activity for more than 10 minutes. I’m always struggling to keep their interest. They are always trying to get me to allow them to fold paper airplanes. Using the flip camera allowed me to combine both productively. I taped them giving directions on folding an airplane of their choice. We then watched the tape and discovered that key directional words or prepositions were missing. Next session can involve adding captions and using more directional words. I see there is also the potential for future storytelling. I think it is a worthwhile purchase for those considering it.
For those of you keeping up with the “Circle of Friends”, we did not meet this week. Friday was a teacher grading day and students were not present.
We are on Spring Break here in Oregon. Spring Break is always a reminder to me that the school year will soon be coming to a close. At this time of year, I find that quite a few of the children I have been working are at a sentence level and I need to find something more difficult so that they are working with connected speech.
I thought storytelling would meet my needs. Storytelling is a good way to see language development on many levels to include, fluency, sentence development, story sequence, and ability to formulate a beginning, middle, and end. A lot of these skills correspond directly to what is being taught in writing.
A few things magically fell into place. I discovered my new white board is magnetic, The secretary asked if I would try out a new box of multiple color white board markers for possible ordering next year (at this time of year this is a real find) and I found a stash of old refrigerator magnets. I have some old felt backed storytelling materials for Goldilocks and the Three Bears, Three Pigs, and Billy Goat Gruff. Although I’ve used these in the past, I’ve found the children tell the stories very routinely and it doesn’t lead to much variation. I’m not always sure they have developed the skills I’m looking at.
I’ve found that by adding props and structure the students get a better start I decided to print off characters and objects typically found in fairy tales but enough of a variety that the story plot could develop differently than the stories they already knew. I cut the refrigerator magnets into strips that were then taped to the back of the characters and objects. I started them out by adding some back ground with the markers; a beach, mountain trail, some trees. I told them they weren’t limited to the pictured objects because they could draw more if they needed it.
Children love to hear and make their own stories. However many children are quite daunted with the task of making a story because they have very little experience with it. Students end up with a tale that has very little detail or reasoning in it. The story becomes a process of labeling of objects or the characters do actions without explanation. You may need to model how to make a narrative, add detail, and make a sequence of events. You may need to model telling what the characters are doing as well as what they say. You can suggest they use a story they are already familiar with and change the plot. When working with a group, it becomes a running story as each student takes a turn.
I added Storytelling characters: for download on the expressive sentences page.
I just a wanted to let you know there is a new download in the Expressive Language session. This week I’ve been making flip books with quite a few of my students. I have a flip book I made quite a few years ago and students wanted to make their own. I thought this would be a great homework activity and wouldn’t take much effort once it was set up. It emphasizes having a subject verb and object in a sentence. Students like flipping the pages to make a variety of sentences. Sometimes the sentences make sense and other times they can come out quite crazy. I’ve used quite a few irregular past tense verb forms. It also allows for practice of subject and objective pronouns. I have access to a binder although there are other ways to use it in the directions. I found that lining up index cards and punching the holes for the spiral proved less time-consuming then trying to cut them later. I used an uncut tag board piece to support the back. The students used glue sticks to glue pictures on the flip pages. They practiced starting their sentences with yesterday to practice the past tense forms. I broke the downloads into two booklets to make the download easier.
flipbook 1 flipbbok 2
I always try to get the most benefits from any activity I do and I can usually find several ways to use it for therapy. I found the antonym glitter hearts that were placed on the bulletin board in a previous post were also a good activity to use for children who have difficulty telling a sequence of a project. The actual heart activity only took a few minutes to produce and provided a definite sequence of events that provided motor and visual activity that would help them to remember the information. After making the glitter heart, I had them divide a white board into 4 sections. You could use paper as well. They then numbered the 4 sections and thought of what steps we used to make the heart. The 1st block represented getting the materials which were the glue, marker and paper heart. The 2nd block was writing the antonym on the heart. The 3rd step was placing glue on the edge, and the last step was placing the heart in the glitter coffee can and shaking it. They drew pictures or wrote words to represent the 4 steps. The students then used these directions to tape record directions. We then listened to the directions to see if they included enough information and were in the right order. We also talked about using sequence words such as before and after in their recording.
This is just a note to let you know I’ve added another set of role playing cards that I’ve named “What do you Say“. I’m using them with the fluency cards to give a student the chance to practice using fluent speech during school interactions. They can actually be used for a variety of therapy activities. The student is younger so I added pictures to make them more child friendly. The cards are located on the social pragmatic page and fluency page. Just click on the title for a short cut.
Some of you may remember when Beanie Babies were the fad and many fast food places were giving them out with the kid meals. My daughter was at the right age for the fad and managed to accumulate a lot of them. Eventually she got tired of them and I inherited them. She had kept them in a shoe rack with the plastic pockets that hang over a door. I took the whole thing and hung it up in my speech room. People have noticed it hanging there and have brought me even more animals. I now have quite a variety of small stuffed animals, dinosaurs, and cartoon characters. I bet if you keep your eyes open you may find some at garage sales or as donations. It seems people are eager to move those collections along now.
These stuffed animal characters have become quite useful for playing descriptive games centered around animals. I have a gift box that I bought at the dollar store. It is decorated with a bow and has a removable lid. I call it the mystery box. The students put a mystery animal in the box and the other students take turns asking a question and then guessing the animal or cartoon character. Some of the students have difficulty generating questions and I use communication board to help them. Not only does this activity promote asking questions, it requires using memory and consolidation of the details to determine the correct animal. An example of the cue card is posted in the vocabulary section and can be printed out.
I’ve been looking for new games to review 3rd and 4th grade vocabulary. The reading and social sciences curriculum covers exploration and new frontiers. It has vocabulary associated with space, pioneers, and science. I’ve found that old card games can sometimes be adapted to review or introduce words. The card game “Pig with a Stockpile” looked like it could be used. It’s very similar to a card game called “Spoons” I played when I was a kid. I am hoping the repetition of the vocabulary and pictured items will help my language kids be familiar with vocabulary when it is introduced in class. The game will hopefully provide some motivation. I won’t have a chance to try it out until school starts again. I thought others might like to get a head start with printing activities out. If anyone gets a chance to try it out, would you please write a comment? I’ve named my version ” The Mission“.
Most people think of bingo as a game of numbers. However, with a little variation it is great tool for teaching new vocabulary and language skills for about any age or ability level. The traditional bingo is built on a 5×5 grid. BINGO or some other 5 letter word is placed on the top of the grid with numbers underneath. Each player’s card is a mix of numbers that are placed in different squares from other players cards. There is usually a free space in the center square. Numbers are drawn randomly and called using the letters on the top and a number that would fall underneath. Participants look for the numbers on their cards and place a marker on any that are found. The winner is the person who gets five markers in a row or other designated shape. When that happens, the person yells Bingo, is declared the winner and possibly gets a prize.
For educational purposes, the number squares can easily be replaced with pictures, vocabulary words, or phrases such as definitions or idioms. These then provide the answers to questions that are drawn randomly. This game allows players to search for the best possible answer from a closed set even though they may not know the correct answer from memory. They are required to review the answers multiple times increasing the likelihood they will remember them in the future. The difficulty can be adjusted by using pictures or written words.
In the past, to make multiple cards using the same set of items but in a different sequence required a lot of cut and pasting. Now the internet has made a lot of cards available free of charge. I have listed some sites that have ready made bingo cards using vocabulary in selected categories and themes.
Bingo cards can also be used for articulation practice. The squares can have words that contain certain sounds for practice. This site has several.
http://www.speakingofspeech.com/Articulation_Materials.html. One game suggested the player to roll a dice to determine which row they could choose a picture from before marking it out. 6 became roll again. This allowed children to play with cards from different sound sets in the same group.
There are also sites that allow you to make your own cards. They can generate multiple cards from words placed into the program. The program automatically switches the order of items so that each card is different from the previous one.
I used this program to make a set of cards to teach idioms. http://www.teach-nology.com/web_tools/materials/bingo/. I placed the idioms in the squares on the cards and made a draw pile of the definitions. The idioms and definitions came from http://www.stickyball.net/.
Summer break is finally here. Another school year has come to a close but as an educator I am always on the outlook for new things I can use for next year. Our kindergarten students only attend school half day sessions. I usually schedule speech therapy sessions for 30 minute once a week beyond our push in group sessions. I make homework packets that students can take home for extra practice and exchange the next time they come. I try to find things that can be replaced easily if for some reason they don’t make it back. I use gallon zip-lock bags. I put a letter explaining it is a homework packet and needs to be returned the next week. I also put directions for the activity if necessary. I then add whatever I think would be good for the student to practice on. I’ve had good luck getting these back and I like that I can get multiple uses from them.
The June ASHA Leader listed internet sites for book making. I think the One-cut books will be great for my homework packets. They can be made from one 8 1/2 by 11 inch paper. http://www.raft.net/ideas/Simple%20Book.pdf
A group of them have already been made for you thanks to Judy Kuster and 22 graduate students at Minnesota State University. Just go to this site
http://www.mnsu.edu/comdis/kuster2/onecutbooks/onecutbooks.html. Thank you grad students.
If you would like to make your own, here is a site that provides the template. http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/student-interactives/stapleless-book-30010.html